Programming languages are a very important part of the development process. They dictate which software can be created and what it is capable of doing, as well as how easy or difficult it will be to create that software. There are many different types of programming languages. In this article we’ll discuss each one in depth so you can make an educated decision about which language best suits your needs!
What is a Programing Language?
A programming language is a formal language that is designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs that control the behavior of a machine, to express algorithms precisely, or as a user interface for asking questions and receiving answers.
A lot of the programming languages are used to create scripts for modern applications. The different scripting languages can be used to create different things such as games, animations, and other programs. There are a number of programming languages which are primarily designed to be compiled and run on a particular platform.
5 Types of Programming Languages
Procedural Programming Language
A procedural programming language is one in which instructions are written as a sequence of steps.
This type of programming language typically uses variables, loops and other features, which set them apart from functional languages. The functions in a procedural language can control variables different than the function’s return value.
Functional Programming Language
Functional programming languages are a subset of procedural language. Functions in this type of language can only return one value, and they cannot control variables outside the function’s scope.
The functional programming languages that focus on functional code facilitate a return of the results of functions, taking away any statements or suggestions related to storing state.
Functional language is not typically as straightforward because it’s very different in how it operates and what features are available. It can even be more difficult than other coding languages, such as C++, to know precisely what the machine will do when running the code.
Object-oriented Programming Language
Object-oriented programming languages are best suited to tasks that need a lot of memory management. This type of language is well known for its ability to organize data and make it easy for the programmer to follow how things interact with one another. These types of programming languages allow programmers to reuse code by building on top of other classes, which provides them with more powerful tools.
Scripting Programming Language
A scripting language is a programming type that enables the programmer to write code in order to automate tasks or allow other people with no knowledge of coding languages access certain features, for instance adding tags and editing meta data on websites. Scripting languages are often interpreted rather than compiled into machine-readable instructions.
Logic Programming Language
Logic programming languages are a subset of declarative languages that use rules and constraints to find solutions. This type of language requires the programmer to define all potential conditions and outcomes, unlike other types where there’s an expectation you won’t have thought about every possibility up front.
Some Examples of Programming Languages
C++: C++ is one of the most popular programming languages in use today. It can be used to develop any type of software, though it’s best known for its ability to handle memory management and execution speed.
Python: Python is a high-level object oriented programming language that was created by Guido Van Rossum in 1991. Like C++, Python can be used to develop any type of software.
Ruby on Rails: Ruby on Rails was created by David Heinemeier Hansson in 2004 as an open source web framework built atop the Ruby programming language. It uses templates that are written using only text files instead of code. This makes it easy for those without much programming experience to get started building their own websites!
LISP: LISP stands for list processing and is one of the oldest types of functional languages still being learned today. Like other functional languages, LISP doesn’t use variables and has a strong focus on recursion.