15 Landscaping Terms

What is the best way to describe a gardening project? One word: landscaping. But what exactly does that mean? The term “landscaping” describes any and all work done in or around your yard, including lawn care, tree pruning, weed control, planting shrubs and flowers. Landscaping also involves improving drainage by grading the soil or building berms (mounds) along slopes. There are dozens of terms related to landscaping that you should know before getting started on a project. In this blog post we’ll cover essential ones!

  • Aeration: The act of aerating is as simple as spiking a lawn with a garden fork or renting an aerator machine. This helps to loosen compacted soil, prevent compaction and promote water absorption for improved drainage.
  • Clay: Clay refers to any type of heavy soil that becomes quite dense when wet because it contains large amounts of clay particles. Clays often have high levels of nutrients which make them ideal for growing anything from vegetables to flowers!
  • Dethatching: Dethatching is the process of removing excess thatch (decaying leaves, grass clippings and other organic matter) on topsoil so roots can easily grow through the ground and reach oxygen in lower layers. It’s important not leave too much thatch on your lawn as it can easily decompose and become a breeding ground for pests.
  • Drainage: Drainage is the process of removing excess water from soil after irrigation or heavy rainfall so that plants don’t get overwatered (which can lead to root rot). There are many ways to improve drainage in your yard, including installing an underground drainpipe system.
  • Evergreen: Evergreens refer to any plant with narrow leaves that stay on the tree all year long, such as pine trees and shrubs like junipers and arborvitae. These plants provide valuable shade during hot summer months while also retaining their green color throughout winter!
  • Fertilizer: Fertilizers come in both organic and chemical varieties – though you should always consult with your local plant professional for advice. Organic fertilizers come in three main types: manure, compost and peat moss. These can be applied as a soil amendment or mixed into the top layer of mulch on the ground to help promote healthy root growth.
  • Herbicides: Herbicides are typically used by professionals when tending large lawns and gardens full of weeds such as dandelions – they work best if sprayed from above onto weed-infested areas (such as sidewalks). If you’re trying to remove just one individual weed or two it’s not necessary to use herbicide since there are many other options available at home!
  • Planting: The act of planting is as simple as dropping a seed in the ground and covering it with soil. However, there are many different techniques to consider when planting seeds or bulbs, including spacing plants properly for maximum sunlight exposure.
  • Planters: Planters refer to any type of container that is specifically designed for planting flowers, vegetables and other plants. These include low-growing containers for herbs like tomatoes or tall pots to grow fruit trees in!
  • Pruning: Pruning is the act of trimming or cutting tree branches and stems to make them grow more evenly.
  • Irrigation: Irrigating means providing water to plants with a sprinkler system, soaker hose or other irrigation method. “Drip” irrigation systems are ideal for precision watering needs such as vegetable gardens and flowerbeds.
  • Hardscaping: Hardscaping is the permanent construction of a landscaped space, such as patios, walkways or retaining walls. This type of work often requires permits from your local city hall to ensure compliance with zoning ordinances.
  • Landscape Lighting: Landscape lighting can be used for many purposes including accenting focal points in your yard (such as trees) and creating a sense of safety at night by providing light along paths or steps. There are three main types of landscape lights you’ll want to know about – low-voltage linear fluorescents (LFL), high pressure sodium vapor sets (HPSV) and mercury vapor lamps . While HPSV lamps emit more blue light, LFLs emit a warmer yellow-red light. Lighting can also be used to cut down on plants that need extra care or protection from pests and disease.
  • Water Features: Outdoor water features have become increasingly popular in recent years due to their ability to create soothing natural sound as well as aesthetic beauty. Options include ponds with goldfish, streams with bubbling sounds or fountains spraying up into the air for dramatic effect. If you plan on installing an aquatic water feature in your yard, make sure it’s located at least 20 feet away from any electrical wiring!
  • Tools of The Trade: There are many tools gardeners use during landscaping projects including ladders (to work high branches) and shovels (for digging). Hand-held garden tools can be stored in a variety of ways including wall hooks, tool belts and backpacks.

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