If you are a computer user, then chances are you know the basics about monitors. But what if you want to be more in-depth? What should you know to be considered savvy? Here is your guide for the most common computer monitor terms that every person who wants to understand computers better needs to know!
Common Computer Monitor Terms
- Aspect Ratio: This is the ratio of width to height. A 16:09 monitor, for example, would have a “wide screen” aspect ratio and an 18:03 display has a more traditional “widescreen” or “fullscreen” aspect ratio.
- BFGD: Blue Fluorescent Display Glasses-like devices that are used to stimulate proper computer screen light for the user.
- HDR: This stands for High Dynamic Range and is a feature that can be used on monitors to make colors more vibrant, skin tones appear natural, and whites seem whiter without having them look overexposed.
- V-Sync or Vertical Sync: When V-sync is enabled in your video game settings it will synchronize your graphics card’s frame rate with your monitor refresh rate resulting in smoother gameplay with less tearing (when you are viewing fast moving images). If this setting is disabled then frames may start displaying at rates faster than 60Hz which causes stuttering. FreeSync does not have these issues since it uses dynamic synchronization technology so there are no dropped or duplicated frames even when the frame rate is below the monitor’s refresh rate.
- Freesync: AMD graphics card technology that allows for dynamic synchronization of a monitor’s refresh rates with your video cards frames per second to avoid tearing and stuttering in games or when watching videos. One drawback of FreeSync is its compatibility, as it only works on monitors using an overdrive feature (which can cause other side effects). G-Sync has more features but similar benefits so if you have Nvidia graphics then this may be what you want to look into instead of Freesync.
- Panel: This refers to the type of screen which displays images and color information from digital devices like computer screens. There are two types; LCDs contain liquid crystals while OLEDs use organic light-emitting diodes.
- Hertz: This is the measurement of how fast an object can change in a second, measured by its frequency (Hz). LCD monitors have 60 Hz which means they update their image 60 times per second while OLEDs refresh at 120 Hz or higher.
- Milliseconds: A millisecond is one thousandth of a second and this is typically what people refer to when talking about monitor response time. Monitors with low response rates are more prone to displaying motion blur during gaming sessions and other high-speed activities like watching video content where there may be quick movement on screen so if you want your gameplay or videos to look crisp then it’s important for your monitor not to lag too much!
- IPS: IPS stands for In-Plane Switching and is a design of monitors that allows colors to be more vibrant, with better viewing angles.
- LCD (Liquid Crystal Display): This is the most common type of panel used in today’s computer screens which uses liquid crystals as its component parts. LCDs are usually cheaper than other types but they may have slower response rates depending on what you’re looking for.
- Pixel: A pixel (or picture element) refers to one point within an image that is displayed on your screen; this can range from being very small dots all the way up to larger squares like those found in Apple Mac Retina displays! Different resolutions refer both to how many pixels fit across each monitor width and then how many pixels can fit vertically.