Chess was invented in India around 500 years ago. The game was then introduced to Persia and eventually made its way across the world.
How To Play Chess
The rules for chess are simple: players take turns moving one piece at a time with the goal of capturing their opponent’s king or achieving checkmate by attacking it from all angles on the board. Chess game involve two opponents that alternate moves until one succeeds in putting his/her opponent in stalemate (a position where he cannot make any legal move) or checkmate.
Chess is a two player game which usually takes between 20 and 40 minutes for each side to play, depending on the complexity of the game being played. Each player starts with 16 pieces (pawns) but only six are initially deployed onto the board during play while players remain positioned on opposite sides. Players take turns moving their own pieces in order to capture the other player’s pieces, while trying to avoid being captured themselves.
White moves first and is then followed by black. The object of the game is checkmate (i.e., placing a piece such that your opponent cannot move) or stalemate (where both players can not win).
Benefits of Playing Chess
- Improves problem solving skills – improves critical thinking skills – improves concentration
- Helps improve memory and mental agility.
- Helps in the development of problem solving strategies, e.g., developing a plan (for example: best moves) or an attack strategy (for example: how to checkmate).
- Improves ability to control emotions while playing chess, making it easier to stay calm and rational when facing difficulties.
- Provides an opportunity for social development; chess can facilitate positive relationships, e.g., with coaches or other players of the game, as well as developing friendships through competition on a shared interest.
- Allows students to improve in school by engaging more actively with their studies and pushing themselves a little more.
- Helps develop valuable learning skills, such as concentration and focus on an activity for a long time without getting bored or distracted
- Provides children with the opportunity to play chess in situations where they might not otherwise have access (e.g., schools that do not offer team sports).
- Increases ability to focus on the task at hand instead of being distracted by other thoughts.
Types and Variants of Chess Games
- Absorption chess (also called cannibal chess, power absorption chess, or seizer’s chess)
- Andernach chess
- Atomic chess
- Beirut Chess
- Benedict chess
- Checkers chess
- Checkless chess
- Circe chess
- Cubic Chess
- Dynamo Chess
- Einstein chess
- Extinction chess
- Five Dimensional Chess with Multiverse Time Travel
- Guard chess (or Icelandic chess)
- Haft Schrödinger Chess
- Hierarchical chess
- Hostage chess
- Jedi Knight chess
- Kamikaze chess (or Hara-Kiri chess)
- Kamikaze chess
- King of the Hill
- Knight relay chess
- Knightmate (or Mate The Knight)
- Legan chess
- Losing chess (or Antichess, Giveaway chess, Suicide chess, Killer chess, Take-all chess, Reverse chess)
- Madrasi chess (or Weird chess)
- Monochromatic chess
- No-castling chess
- Patrol chess
- Pocket Knight Chess (or Tombola Chess)
- Portal Chess
- Racing Kings
- Refusal chess (or Outlaw chess, Rejection chess)
- Replacement chess
- Rifle chess (or Shooting chess, Sniper chess)
- Stalemate-win chess
- Three-check chess