10+ Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Terms

In the world of jiu-jitsu, there are a lot of terms that you may not be familiar with. This glossary is designed to help clear up any confusion and give you an idea about some common words in the jiu-jitsu world. You’ll also find definitions for words that are specific to certain systems or techniques.

  • Base: A strong base means you have a low center of gravity. With your back straight, head up and wide knees- this BJJ stance gives people good balance!
  • Bridge: A bridge is a term that’s used to capture two different positions. In one sense, it refers to when someone is pinned down from their shoulders by an attacker who places weight on them with both of their hands. The person pinned down then bridges their back and hips off the ground, raising them up to relieve some of the weight on their shoulders. In another sense, it refers to when someone is in a pinned position from behind where they are lying face-down with both arms extended out in front of them for balance or strength.
  • Gi: A traditional uniform worn by practitioners of jiu-jitsu who belong to Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) schools around the world
  • Guard: Guard is one of four main positions that players can get into during a match; It typically involves holding an opponent’s lower body – usually the legs – securely with your own while using various grips above or below his belt
  • Hooks: Hooks refers to a position where your opponent’s leg is hooked with one of yours, which gives you control over them.
  • Mount: Mount also known as “mat-side mount” or simply “mount”, refers to the position achieved when someone takes an opponent (usually in side control) and then turns so that they are on top of their chest. It can be used for striking from above called ground and pound. A lot of people confuse this term with what it actually means. The word ‘mount’ comes from jousting, where knights would jump up onto horsesback without using stirrups.
  • Roll: Rolling refers to the process of rotational movement across a surface by turning oneself about axes that lie within the plane containing both body and surface.
  • Hip Escape: A hip escape is a position that can be achieved in any number of grappling arts such as judo, wrestling or Brazilian jiu-jitsu. It requires the person to have one leg on either side of an opponent’s body and pushing up with both legs against his torso while using their arms for leverage
  • Submission: Submission refers to a technique used in fighting sports like mixed martial arts, no holds barred, sambo and pankration which forces an opponent to submit—i.e., abandon all resistance to the hold by tap out or verbally informing referee; To give oneself over especially willfully or eagerly.
  • Sweep: Sweeping someone usually means when you take your opponents back from guard (guard being one of four main positions that players can get into during a match). It is often called by using the leg to hook behind their knee and then take your opponents back while keeping the leg hooked.
  • Tapping Out: Tapping out refers to a submission technique used in fighting sports like mixed martial arts, no holds barred, sambo and pankration which forces an opponent to tap out or verbally inform referee; to give oneself over especially willfully or eagerly.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.

Close